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2 edition of loss of tumour suppressor genes in prostate cancer found in the catalog.

loss of tumour suppressor genes in prostate cancer

Stewart Mark Anthony Phillips

loss of tumour suppressor genes in prostate cancer

by Stewart Mark Anthony Phillips

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  • 3 Currently reading

Published by University of Birmingham in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.D.) - University of Birmingham, Department of Surgery, 1996.

Statementby Stewart Mark Anthony Phillips.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16750414M

  Wang, S. et al. Prostate-specific deletion of the murine Pten tumor suppressor gene leads to metastatic prostate cancer. Cancer Cell 4, – () CAS Article Google Scholar. The spread of cancer cells from their organ of origin to distant tissues is called metastasis. Cancer metastasis is the main cause of death from cancer, and in many cases is difficult to detect or treat. The process by which tumour cells become metastatic is complex and involves many stages, including detachment of cells from the main tumour mass, degradation of the surrounding extra-cellular.

We show that the expression of the human RTVP-1 gene is down-regulated in human prostate cancer specimens compared with normal human prostate tissue at the mRNA and protein levels. We further document epigenetic changes consistent with RTVP-1 being a tumor suppressor in human prostate cancer. Categorized: Abstracts & Presentations, Urology Morphological correlates of PTE tumor suppressor gene loss in prostate cancer. Shah RB, Shore KT, Yoon J, Tian W and Mendrinos S. Poster presentation given to the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology’s Annual Meeting in Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Some genes might be lost to LOH without causing a problem. However, LOH in specific types of genes is more of a concern. These genes, called tumor suppressor genes, are very important genes for cancer prevention and they normally work to regulate the cell cycle. They make sure that the cell doesn’t replicate and divide unnecessarily.   An important difference between oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes is that oncogenes result from the activation (turning on) of proto-oncogenes, but tumor suppressor genes cause cancer when they are inactivated (turned off). Inherited abnormalities of tumor suppressor genes have been found in some family cancer syndromes.


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Loss of tumour suppressor genes in prostate cancer by Stewart Mark Anthony Phillips Download PDF EPUB FB2

In addition, RB loss is also a reliable genomic alteration in neuroendocrine prostate carcinoma, particularly small-cell prostate cancer, with clinical studies associating the loss of p16, a CDK4/6 inhibitor, with distant organ metastases, implying that loss of RB-mediated transcriptional repression may result in a prometastatic by: Background Loss of tumour suppressor genes (TSGs), TP53, PTEN and Rb are common in advanced prostate cancer.

They are associated with worse outcomes in hormone-resistant prostate cancer. However, the prognostic value of TSGs loss in metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC) is unknown. Background: TP53, PTEN, and RB1 tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) are recurrently altered in treatment-resistant prostate cancer.

Cooperative loss of two or more TSGs may drive more aggressive disease. Objective: To determine clinical outcomes of single and compound TSG alterations across the spectrum of prostate cancer.

Design, setting, and participants: Massively parallel targeted Cited by: Abstract. The concept of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) was originally proposed on the basis of cell-fusion studies between neoplastic and nonneoplastic cultured cells (, ).These studies suggested the existence of chromosomal genetic elements in nonneoplastic cells that could suppress the malignant phenotype of fusion by:   The discovery of a new prostate cancer tumor suppressor gene, PHLPP1, and studies examining its relationship to the tumor suppressor gene PTEN may simplify decision-making for newly diagnosed patients—and may point to the most effective drugs for recurrent cancers.

Studying mice, researchers at Cold Spring Harbor and other laboratories found that Phlpp1 keeps the oncoprotein Akt. Loss of cancer suppressor genes, early in prostatic carcinogenesis, have been localized to chromosomes 8p, 10q, 13q, and 16q. P53 mutations in the primary prostate cancer are relatively low and are more frequently seen in metastatic settings, hence, p53 mutations are a.

TP53, PTEN, and RB1 tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) are recurrently altered in treatment-resistant prostate cancer. Cooperative loss of two or more TSGs may drive more aggressive disease.

Genomic aberrations of the PTEN tumour suppressor gene are among the most common in prostate cancer. Inactivation of PTEN by deletion or mutation is identified in ∼20% of primary prostate tumour samples at radical prostatectomy and in as many as 50% of castration-resistant tumours.

Loss of phosphatase and tensin homologue. Loss of heterozygosity of the NF2 gene or mutations within the gene manifests frequently as neurofibromatosis 2, schwannomas, meningiomas, and ependymomas. Mutations of the NF2 gene are also found in mesotheliomas [], prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, melanoma, and thyroid cancer.

This suggests Merlin may function to suppress tumor. Notably, through AR gain- and loss-of-function in epithelial–stromal cell coculture and coimplantation experiments, we demonstrated that the AR could function in epithelial basal intermediate cells as a tumor suppressor to suppress prostate cancer metastasis, in epithelial luminal cells as a surviving factor, and in stromal cells as a.

Combined loss of tumour suppressor genes is more frequent in NEPC than in CRPC-Adeno and more often co-occurs in individual cells. Overall there is higher concordance, or less diversity (heterogeneity), across CTCs in NEPC.

Analysis of additional patients including serial CTC assessment is ongoing. Legal entity responsible for the study. The retinoblastoma tumor suppressor gene (RB1; encoding RB) is often cited as a gatekeeper, whose inactivation — direct or indirect — is a rate-limiting step for tumor r, in this issue of the JCI, Sharma et al.

show that RB1 loss is a late event in human prostate cancer that is coincident with the emergence of castrate-resistant metastatic disease.

Cancer is a disease caused by the accumulation of genetic and epigenetic changes in two types of genes: tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) and proto-oncogenes. Extensive research has been conducted over the last few decades to elucidate the role of TSGs in cancer development.

In cancer, loss of TSG function occurs via the deletion or inactivation of two. Background. TP53, PTEN, and RB1 tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) are recurrently altered in treatment-resistant prostate cancer. Cooperative loss of. Raf Kinase Inhibitor Protein was discovered as a metastasis suppressor gene in prostate cells (Fu et al., ; Keller et al., ).

Clinical data only shows a correlative relationship of RKIP as a metastasis suppressor gene in breast cancer, that is, expressed in primary tumors, but absent in matched lymph-node metastases (Hagan et al., ).

ARv7 Represses Tumor-Suppressor Genes in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Author links open overlay panel Laura Cato 1 2 19 24 Jonas de Tribolet-Hardy 1 2 3 20 24 Irene Lee 1 2 Jaice T.

Rottenberg 1 2 Ilsa Coleman 4 Diana Melchers 5 René Houtman 5 Tengfei Xiao 1 2 6 Wei Li 2 6 21 Takuma Uo 7 Shihua Sun 7 Nane C. Kuznik 8 Bettina Göppert 9. Background. TP53, PTEN, and RB1 tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) are recurrently altered in treatment-resistant prostate cancer.

Cooperative loss of two or more TSGs may drive more aggressive disease. Cai Bowen's 16 research works with 1, citations and reads, including: Loss of PTEN Accelerates NKX Degradation to Promote Prostate Cancer Progression.

PLZF, a tumor suppressor genetically lost in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, is a mediator of resistance to androgen deprivation therapy Whole-exome sequencing of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) reveals that 5% to 7% of tumors harbor promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger (PLZF) protein homozygous deletions.

NKXis the most commonly deleted gene in prostate cancer and a gatekeeper suppressor. NKX is a growth suppressor, mediator of apoptosis, inducer of antioxidants, and enhancer of DNA repair.

PTEN is a ubiquitous tumor suppressor that is often decreased in prostate cancer during tumor progression. Human tumour suppressor genes DNA methylation PCR array, signature panel. The Human Tumour Suppressor Genes EpiTect Methyl II Signature PCR Array profiles the methylation status of 22 tumour suppressor gene promoters whose hypermethylation has been reported in the literature to occur frequently in a variety of cancers and tumours.Downregulation of tumor suppressive gene NKX, located on 8p has been implicated in prostate cancer initiation [6,22]; loss of PTEN located on 10q is involved in PCa development and progression.Loss of tumor suppressor SPOP releases cancer potential of SRC Dipali Pathak.

Houston, TX to encourage the proliferation and spread of prostate cancer cells, SRC-3 is an oncogene or cancer-promoting gene that fosters the growth of cancer cells and their spread or .